The Differences Between Trademark and Registered Trademark

19 Oct

Trademark registration in Singapore is not a mandatory process for most businesses, companies and organizations, but the move comes with various benefits besides the ability to protect your brand. To understand what a trademark and a registered trademark can do for your company, let us examine what intellectual property means.

What is Intellectual Property?

Intellectual property, as the name implies refers to creations of the mind that individuals use either for financial benefits or personal recognition. Examples of intellectual property are artworks, sound recordings, films, names, symbols, and literary works. Intellectual property rights therefore, are a set of laws that designate rights for these creations to protect the creators or inventors and to give monopoly to the designated owners.

The following are some of the forms of intellectual property:

    1. Copyright includes works such as paintings, music, books, films, sculpture, advertisements, computer programs, maps, technical drawings, and databases.

    2. Patents include rights to inventions and give the owner the choice when and how to use such invention.

    3. Industrial designs includes the ornaments or aesthetic components of an article, such as its shape, three-dimensional or two-dimensional features, lines, color, and patterns.

    4. Trademarks include signs or marks that distinguish one’s products and services from other enterprises.

Intellectual property rights also cover plant varieties or plant breeders for commercial use, geographical indications, trade dress, and trade secrets.

Trademark and Registered Trademark

Most businesses in Singapore use symbols, names, and phrases called trademarks to distinguish themselves from other companies so that they will be recognizable to the consumers. Trademarks registered with brandmark at Singapore often come with distinctive marks such as the ™ and ® next to the name, phrase or symbol. These marks let other competitors know that the company is claiming the trademark as their own. However, these symbols mean two different things.

™ This symbol is used if the trademark registration is still pending for approval or if the company has not yet decided to register trademark at the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS). It indicates that the trademark is not yet officially recognized by the law, but the company is claiming it as their own. It is not a violation of any law to continue using the symbol, although it does not include the benefits of a registered mark.

® This symbol is used only if the company’s application to register trademark has been approved. It means that the registered mark is protected by Singapore’s laws on intellectual property. The registered mark can be used by the company to claim damages if other parties violate the laws that protect the register TM.

Sometimes a company also uses words, phrases, and designs that distinguish their services called the service marks. Although both trademarks and service marks refer to trademark collectively, some companies use the symbol SM to indicate that the service mark is not yet officially registered, similar to the ™ symbol.

Trademarks that Can Be Registered

A trademark can be in the form of names, numerals, symbols, letters, shapes, colors, and any other device or a combination of these that will easily distinguish the company from the others.

Some trademarks that cannot be registered, however, include descriptive marks, deceptive marks, direct reference marks, marks identical to other trademarks, and marks that could confuse consumers.

To be able to apply for a trademark registration, the applicant must fulfill the following criteria:

1. The trademark must be represented graphically
2. The trademark must distinguish the products and/or services from other companies
3. The trademark must be distinct or unique
4. The trademark must not contain descriptions of the products and/or services
5. The trademark must be in the customary or current language
6. The trademark must not be similar to other existing trademarks in the register

Advantages of a Registered Trademark

Trademark registration in Singapore will entail a lot of benefits for the company, such as;

1. Exclusive rights to the use of a trademark. The owner of the registered mark has the exclusive use of the mark and is protected by laws if there are unauthorized uses of the mark. The company can sue the offender for infringement and may be able to obtain damages. You could also protect the company if there are any infringement claims from other companies, because your company does not need to prove its ownership.

2. Security or hypothecation. The company can use the registered mark as a security if it wishes to secure loan facilities, after all, it is considered an immovable property that can be bonded.

3. Licensing. A registered mark can be used to generate more revenues for the company through licensing or allowing other parties to use the mark through an agreement.

4. Deterrent to misuse. Deterrent to other parties that might want to use the trademark. Other companies will think twice of using a similar trademark if your company’s trademark has been registered.

5. Intangible property. Once the trademark has been made legal, it can be considered an intangible property of the company that cannot be separated from the identity of the business. The registered mark will always be tied to and will represent the company, which the owner can use if he/she wishes to transfer it to another person or company.

6. Foreign territories. It will also be easier for your company to register the trademark in other territories, so that your rights are protected while your company is expanding. In Singapore, you can apply for trademark registration outside the country or the foreign companies can designate Singapore through the Madrid Protocol.

7. Dealing with third parties. It will also be easier for the company to contact traders, vendors, and other third parties that can help you expand or improve your business.

What Are Ischaemic Heart Diseases?

26 Sep

Contrary to popular belief, acquiring heart diseases doesn’t happen in old age. With all the food available to us, the ease of doing tasks that were deemed impossible a century before, and the hundreds of stressors we encounter everyday, it’s not uncommon for people to develop heart diseases even before they reach 50.

Ischaemic Heart Diseases

Studies in Singapore indicate that ischaemic heart diseases lead the type of heart diseases among the population. Under this category, there are several types you should be aware of. Ischaemic heart diseases, also called coronary artery diseases, are characterized by the narrowing of the coronary arteries. These are the blood vessels that bring fresh blood from the heart to its parts. It is a branch off the aorta, the vessel which supplies fresh blood to other parts of the body. The effect of narrow coronary arteries is a decrease in blood supply to the heart.

Coronary Artery Disease

Sometimes this name is used instead of ischaemic heart disease to refer to the buildup of plaque in the arteries. Coronary artery disease is also similar to coronary heart disease, so don’t get confused if your cardiologist in Singapore uses all three names interchangeably. To be more specific, however, coronary heart disease is the result of coronary artery disease (CAD) or ischaemia. CAD is the buildup of plaque in the walls of the coronary arteries. The result is CHD which manifests in different symptoms from narrowing of the blood vessels over time to the rupture of the vessels.

    1. Atherosclerosis is caused by the thickening of the arteries. That is why it is important to get your heart checked by Harley in Singapore because this is the result of the fatty buildup called plaques. If the arteries are blocked, the blood supply is of course reduced. It’s also not limited to a particular part of the body. In Singapore, some patients also suffer from peripheral arterial diseases which is a restriction in the arteries found in the legs. Your cardiologist will advise you to quit smoking and reduce the bad cholesterol in your body. Even people with high blood pressure are at risk. Atherosclerosis is caused by the damage to the endothelium or a type of lining in the interior of the blood and lymphatic vessels.

    2. Angina is the pain experienced in the chest area, and sometimes on the left arm, jaw and shoulders, because there isn’t enough blood supply in the heart. Chest pain is called angina pectoris. Angina is a result of atherosclerosis and is usually experienced when the person exerts too much effort. You will feel out of breath and start to sweat as well. In severe cases, angina can lead to a heart attack. If you experience such symptoms, go to the nearest hospital in Singapore.

    3. Heart Attack is sometimes called myocardial infarction. The person experiences a heart attack when the blood supply to the heart stops. Not all attacks are fatal, however. But don’t take chances. Once you experience chest pain, pain in the shoulders, left arm and jaw, abnormal sweating, shortness of breath and the feeling of passing out or extreme tiredness, go to the nearest cardiologist in Singapore immediately. Delays could be fatal.

    4. Silent Ischaemia is found in some patients but they are not aware of the conditions. This is why it’s important to always have a check-up with your cardiologist especially if you are already hypertensive. The type of ischaemia that doesn’t include chest pain is called silent ischaemia. People with high bad cholesterol levels should be vigilant because this can lead to a sudden heart attack. If you are diagnosed with angina, you could also have silent ischaemia. Diabetics are also at high risk of such attacks. If you suspect that you have ischaemia, schedule an appointment with your heart doctor as soon as possible.

Diagnosing Ischaemia

People who are susceptible to ischaemic heart diseases are those with high blood pressure, diabetes, low HDL cholesterol, high LDL cholesterol, smokers, women in their post-menopausal stage, obese and those with family history of heart diseases. It’s not uncommon for some cases in Singapore where CAD begins in childhood.

HDL cholesterol refers to the “good” cholesterol or hypoalphaliproproteinemia and functions by removing the excess cholesterol in the blood. LDL or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is often examined to determine the risk of having heart disease. It’s referred to as the “bad” cholesterol because it’s one of the lipoproteins responsible for carrying cholesterol. More LDL means more cholesterol.

Consult your best cardiologist in Singapore so that he or she will perform heart screening to determine if you have ischaemic heart disease. Usually the first heart screening test is the electrocardiogram or ECG. The cardiologist will also perform an echocardiogram. If there is an anomaly in the measurement, an exercise stress test is recommended. Others will also perform cardiac catheterization or angiogram, and heart scans such as computerized tomography and ST coronary angiogram.

Treating Ischaemia

Unfortunately, ischaemic heart disease cannot be cured but can treated. The patient will be advised by the heart doctor to watch the diet, control sugar levels and blood cholesterol, perform regular exercise, and to give up smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages. You should avoid food with saturated fats because they can increase the lipid levels in your blood. If you have hypertension, you should try to maintain a normal blood pressure through diet and medication.

The heart doctor will recommend any of the following medications for ischaemia: Beta blockers, organic nitrates, calcium channel blockers, aspirins and statins. The Beta blocker will reduce the oxygen consumption and cardiac work. Organic nitrates act as relaxers for the nonspecific smooth muscles. Calcium channel blockers will reduce the passage of calcium ions in the vascular smooth muscle, voltage-dependent L-type calcium channels and excitable tissues. Aspirin will reduce the likelihood of an occurrence of heart attack in people with angina. Statins also reduce heart attack and stroke.

A heart surgeon might recommend a bypass surgery for you or an angioplasty. If you are not sure, ask for a second opinion from another cardiologist about which procedure should be done by the heart surgeon.

Curtain Cleaning Techniques You Can Do at Home

12 Sep

The thing with having thick and heavy curtains is that, they are often difficult to give a proper washing. These big curtains may be grand to the eyes and can welcome any house guest invitingly, but they also require tremendous efforts when it comes to maintenance and proper curtain cleaning.

This can be a hassle to employees who have a tight work schedule, or to those who know nothing about the fundamentals of curtain cleaning, thus a number of them turn to avail commercial curtain cleaning services. Paying for their services seem like a convenient option to take, but if you’re running on a tight budget – these payment per session can accumulate over time.

With that in mind, you can save a few dollars by cleaning your curtains yourself. This is ideally to be done regularly to avoid dirt build-up and prolonged staining. However, if the dirt and stains stay even after you gave it a washing, contact the nearest curtain cleaning service shop in Singapore and ask for assistance.

Steam cleaning

This method is considered one thorough way to clean your curtains. A hot water steamer is generally used for this, but there are also other types of cleaners sold in Singapore market which are widely available for convenient home use. Notably, they are not that expensive – so you don’t have to worry about breaking the bank when buying the product.

These cleaners from www.curtainrepair.com in Singapore must be used in the same manner as you would vacuum the curtains, with gentle strokes and while they are in their hanging position. Think of this as one great alternative to curtain dry cleaning!

Vacuum

Vacuuming is probably the easiest way to personally clean your curtains. As was mentioned in the previous paragraph, the ideal way to vacuum your curtains is through gentle strokes as they hang near the windows. This must also be done regularly to get rid of dirt and dust (that may build-up overtime if overlooked). Ceiling fans or windows leak-in are usually the reason behind these dust, but there are cases when they just occur naturally.

A useful tip to this curtain cleaning method is to make use of the soft brush attachment that is on the vacuum cleaner. Make sure to avoid any cords or fringes that may be ruined once in contact with the vacuum, as you would want to ensure your curtain is safe and sound. Also do not pull the vacuum a little too hard to avoid letting the curtain fall from the rod.

Shake out

You don’t have to rummage all across Singapore for the best curtain cleaning centers. In fact, you can give your curtains a simple shaking if you want to clean them quickly. This is best done when the drapes are hanged or removed from the rods that hold them. It’s discouraged to possibly contaminate the other surfaces of your home though – so make sure you shake them out outside the house.

However, merely shaking your curtains will not work with too much dust and dirt build-up. If your curtains haven’t been cleaned in a while, it’s best to take them to the nearest cleaning shop.

Dry clean

Yes, you read that right. There is a way for you to do curtain dry cleaning at home, saving you from a long trip to the cleaning shop and from paying the service fee. You can make use of dry cleaning solvents in your steam cleaner to keep your curtains clean. But, only do so if you are a hundred percent sure the material of your curtains is compatible with dry cleaning. Do your research on the fabric prior to the washing, and if there’s any manufacturer label tag attached to the curtain, then read on it.

If you remain unsure, it is much better to avail commercial curtain cleaning services. These professionals know how to handle your fabric with utmost caution and care. They know how to wash your drapes properly, thus avoiding the material’s ruin.

Lint brush

This curtain cleaning technique is perfect for heavy curtains that are difficult to maneuver and take down. In fact, using a lint brush to clean your curtains can be done on a regular basis and is considered to be quite simple and quick. This is also ideal for curtains which are made of velvet-like material, or other similar fabric.

Fabric softener

Also considered as a quick way to clean your curtains, using a fabric softener dryer sheet can be effective in making your curtains as soft and fragrant as ever. Rub the product along the curtain similarly as you would apply the lint roller brush. You’ll undoubtedly feel relaxed as it leaves a pleasant scent on the curtains that would linger for long. The aromatic scent is a nice welcome to house guests too!

Remove odors

If your main concern is the odor of your curtains, not the dust and dirt build-up, you can always make use of fragrant room sprays that are widely accessible at almost every store in the city-state. You can choose from different brands and a variety of scents available – from lavender to fresh linen. Spraying your curtains quickly cleans the fabric and leaves a fragrant scent at the same time.

Not only that, the rest of your room is bound to smell pleasant as well. This makes the house smell cozy and welcoming. If you are a pet owner or a smoker, it is advised for you to spray clean your curtains as much as possible.

6 Benefits of Hiring a Property Management Company

31 Aug

Managing your properties can take a lot of your time and effort. Generally, a lot of owners cannot commit to acting as landlords themselves because they have another full-time day job to attend to. Although they do not have the luxury of time to be hands-on with their properties, that doesn’t necessarily mean they cannot leave it under good hands. In fact, hiring a property management company can be of great help in supervising your investments as there are plenty of benefits that come along with it.

Better tenants

You are never immune to problematic tenants. To make matters worse, it can be a real hassle to deal with them sometimes. While you are perfectly capable of evicting renters on sufficient grounds, you are much better off never accepting them in your properties in the first place.
To save yourself from the headache, you must ensure a thorough screening process is being followed before you accept any tenants. An experienced estate management company will help you do this, as they have sorted through thousands of tenant applications and can already point out candidates who show off warning signs. In so doing, you are shielding yourself from possible scams, lawsuits, and bad tenants altogether.

Fewer legal problems to deal with

Troublesome tenants are notorious for causing legal and financial pain. You need the help of a managing agent who knows exactly how to deal with them if you want your investments to flourish in the long run. As the old saying goes, you cannot have it all. You can wish for only good tenants all you want, but unfortunately there will always show up a bothersome renter once in a while.

With a well-trained property manager, you will have someone who is armed with abundant knowledge regarding estate maintenance. This includes being familiar and aware of the latest landlord-tenant laws. Thanks to their help and if you click here for estate manager you will be able to take counter measures before any matter is brought to court, protecting you from any potential lawsuit.

Shorter vacancy periods

Filling in your vacancies might grow into a burden if you don’t know what you should be doing. Every managing agent should be aware of doing three important tasks to ensure your properties won’t be idle for too long. One is preparing the property for rent; which entails making various improvements that can effectively entice tenants, resulting to a maximized revenue. Next is determining a justifiable rent rate; since rent shouldn’t be set too high nor too low. Factors like local market prices and rental rate tools must be taken into account to find out an optimal set price.

Lastly, you need to efficiently market your property first before you can fill your property with interested tenants. Experienced property management companies have plenty of knowledge regarding what to say and can easily come up with creative advertisements in order to reach a larger pool of potential renters.

Longer tenant retention

Every condo manager knows how a happy tenant is likely to stay longer, hence keeping them satisfied is always one of the top priorities in doing estate management. Choosing a good property management company will also likely benefit you of their time-tested tenant retention strategies and policies, which will keep both tenants and landlords happy. This will also earn the company a good reputation since implementing these regulations require a consistent and systematic approach.

Besides, a high tenant turnover rate is both expensive and time consuming — you have to give your property a thorough cleaning, repaint the walls to attract possible tenants, put in effort with regards to marketing the property, among the many. In order to save you from dealing with these scenarios, you are better off keeping your current tenants happy and well-tended after.

Assistance with taxes

There are specific national and local laws regarding property management. If you happen to have no clue about these legal matters, there is no need for you to grow frantic. You can always seek the help of a property management company to provide you the guidance you need in steering your investments. With that, they will be responsible in briefing you about the possible deductions you can claim, together with organizing the necessary files and documents needed to make such claims especially since estate management fees are usually tax-deductible.

These companies train each of their managing agent to be aware of the laws that apply to properties, and if they have been in the business for a while then chances are they already have an idea as to how to deal with managing your properties rightfully.

Additional benefits for owners

Generally, hiring someone else to do your estate maintenance duties for you would likely give you more room for freedom and strip off stress. As an owner, you wouldn’t necessarily have to deal with any emergencies in the middle of the night nor chase down and apprehend tenants who damage your property. You will also be saved from doing tons of paperwork, allowing you to allot your time on other things like focusing on your full-time day job or catching up with the rest of your family.

Having a condo manager is also liberating, in a sense that you don’t really need to be constrained into living near your properties. Should you decide to live another city away, you do not need to worry about staying too far from your investments once ensured you’ve left them in good hands. Efficient management companies will save you all the unnecessary worries.

Hiring a property management company is a big decision to make. A trustworthy and competent company can be of great help, but a poor choice can bring headaches of its own. There are tons of options to choose from in Singapore, but you still have to decide for yourself if this is a right move to make and take into consideration the direction you want to steer your investments into.

Dine and Drink: The Best Places in Singapore for Pokemon Go Players

27 Aug

The launch of mobile game app Pokemon Go has been a massive hit since the summer of 2016. Hundreds and thousands of people began to log into servers and play the game — which generally entails running along the streets catching Pokemons in the real life and battling in gyms with the other trainers. The phenomenon spanned all across the globe and the game’s daily active users aren’t children alone. It has been found out that even some working adults play the game too!

In Singapore, it is not an uncommon sight to see people glued to their phones as they chase pokemons during lunch hour or over the weekend. A lot of players flock to different places scattered across the city, with most of them being restaurants, cafés, and bars. One’s pokeballs, a game item used to catch these creatures, are limited and might run out but you can always get some more within places which has Pokestops. Adding a pokestop to an establishment has been proven to be an effective marketing strategy in luring potential customers in.

This article will list some of the best restaurants, cafés, and bars with Pokestops in Singapore. While fueling up your stomachs with great food and drink choices, you can also fill up your game inventory at the same time. Talk about hitting two birds with the same stone! Besides, what more better way of waiting for your food to arrive than catching Pokemons?

Cafés
Spice up your quality personal time at coffeeshops by catching as many pokemons as you can! Cafés such as Caffebene, Jones the Grocer, L’Espresso, and Starbucks in Singaporean Malls and Plazas have pokestops where you can add more items to your inventory while taking a sip of your espresso. Who knows, maybe you can sight a Psyduck across you — better practice on throwing that pokeball.

Restaurants
The waiting time in restaurants can be a struggle especially if you run on an empty stomach. At times, nothing seems enough to take your mind off the food you ordered. Often it even feels like it takes forever to arrive! Games like Pokemon Go is one effective distraction which can turn your waiting experience from hassle to fun. Bistro 1855, Aji-Ichi, and Crystal Jade Dining In are only some of the restaurants which has pokestops. Find other exciting dining options by taking a walk around!

Bars
Who said Pokemon Go is only meant to be enjoyed by children? Grabbing a drink at your nearest pub has never been this thrilling when a Snorlax is just right beside your beer bottle. Some bars in Singapore like Jibiru and Paulaner Brauhaus have pokestops for your gaming convenience. Time for a new place for that next happy hour!

5 Strict Laws in Singapore You Must be Familiar With

24 Aug

Singapore is known as one of the wealthiest city-state in the world. From what used to be a swampland, the city-state indisputably took on an amazing transformation over the decades. The famous Marina Bay Sands now dominate the skyline, colors bustle to life in Chinatown, luxury stores such as Prada and Gucci fill the shopping streets. It gleams with abundant material goods and high per capita income. With that, it is not a surprise to know that thousands of curious foreigners flock annually to visit and explore what Singapore has to offer.

The secret behind the success of the city-state can be summed up in one word: discipline. Various rules and regulations govern the daily life of the people in Singapore. With their strict implementation and citizen obedience, the city remains clean and well-ordered.

1. On taking pictures inside the train
While other countries allow the liberty of taking pictures of any kind inside a train, Singapore prohibits taking snapshots when riding the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) train. If you’ve visited other countries and became accustomed to taking group photos while on the train, you better minimize your camera habits for the mean time.

2. On flushing the toilet
You might land yourself a good scolding – at most – for not flushing the toilet in other countries, but did you know it is considered as a crime in Singapore? The city-state values cleanliness and courtesy for the next user of public toilets. If you happen to violate this regulation, you will likely be made to pay a fine of $150. Yikes!

3. On littering
As the famous saying goes, cleanliness is next to godliness, and Singapore is a city-state which takes that one to the heart. Leaving behind your trash or dropping them on the street is a big no-no! If you are caught littering in Singapore, you are required to pay an instant fine of $2,000 for the first offense. Third offense of littering means you will be tasked to clean the streets with a sign that proclaims “I am a litterer”.

4. On selling gum
Sad news for chewing gum fanatics: selling gum in Singapore is strictly prohibited. There has been an increasing number on littering cases with dirty chewed-up gum placed on trains and walls, prompting the government to implement a regulation to fix the matter. You will not find any even in convenience stores and market stalls.

5. On walking around naked in your own flat
Walking around with no clothes on in public view is not tolerated in Singapore, even when you are in your own flat. Violating this would mean breaking the law and you can be penalized up to 2,000 SGD. Not only that, chances are you’d be serving three months time in jail too.

Daily Bag Essentials

24 Jun

What you decide to carry in your bag when you go to work everyday is just as important as picking the right clothes for the occasion. Here are some of the items you need to always have in handy to get you through the day whether you’re working, traveling or working out.

For Working Women

Bring your essentials such as your wallet, keys, business cards, cell phone, charger, and headphones/earphones. Add to your carry-on items the following: glasses (eyeglasses or shades), notepad and pen, jewelry organizer, water bottle, folding umbrella, and snacks if you’re too busy to buy food.

Don’t forget your kits such as your makeup kit and beauty bag. Your make-up kit should contain all the necessary items so you can retouch later (foundation, concealer, powder, blush, mascara, lipstick, eyeliner, and tweezers).

Your beauty bag should include the following: lotion, hand sanitizer, face wash, Band-Aids, sanitary wipes or travel pack tissue, toothbrush and toothpaste, medications like prescriptions drugs (if you have any) and pain relievers, hairbrush or comb and sanitary pad, tampons or cups.

For Working Men

Take with you essential items such as your wallet, keys, business cards, cell phone, charger, and headphones/earphones. Don’t forget the following as well: water bottle, medicines like pain relievers and prescriptions (if you have any), snacks, eyeglasses or shades, and notepad or organizer and pen.

Don’t forget your looks. Have a separate kit for the following: pocket comb, lip balm, pocket tissues, and toothbrush and toothpaste.

The Singapore weather can be harsh so don’t be afraid to take a hat and a foldable umbrella if you need to go outdoors.

For Traveling

When you need to travel, don’t forget to bring the following:

Your change of clothes should have every piece of clothing you need. The type of clothes you should bring should be appropriate for the venue and the occasion.

Toiletries such as soap, shampoo, facial wash, deodorant, toothbrush and toothpaste, pocket tissues, sanitary pads, tampons or cups for women, and lotion. Bring a lotion with SPF as well. Women should take their makeup kit too.

Don’t forget the following as well: documents and a case or envelop to keep everything in one place, map, cell phone, portable charger, and camera. The following will also make your travel more comfortable: foldable umbrella, hat, eyeglasses or shades and case, jewelry case, notepad or organizer and pen, medicines (prescription or pain relievers), and water bottle and snacks so you don’t get dehydrated or hungry.

For the Gym

Bring the following when you go to the gym: proper workout clothes, socks with polyester to avoid blisters, athletic shoes, change of clothes (clean shirt, shorts or pants, socks, underwear, extra shoes in a shoe bag if you don’t want to wear your sneakers), toiletries (soap, shampoo, toothbrush and toothpaste, lotion, deodorant, facial wash, and hair brush or comb), towel, water bottle, calorie or heart monitor, and a gym bag where you can place all your valuables safely.

The Best Wuxia Films from 2000 to Present

21 Jun

A sub-genre of fantasy, wuxia has gained a lot of fans not just in Asia but the rest of the world as well. Broadly defined, it is a Chinese film genre that highlights warriors of ancient or mythological China who are equipped with superhuman skills in the martial arts.

There are over a hundred wuxia films. We’ve narrowed down the list to the 10 best wuxia films from 2000 to the present.

1. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000)

In perhaps the most successful wuxia film in the West, Chow Yun-Fat and Michelle Yeoh look for the stolen sword Green Destiny and come face-to-face with Jen (played Zhang Ziyi), a talented but rebellious martial artist.

2. Hero (2002)

Nameless (Jet Li) was summoned at the court of the King of Qin (Chen Daoming) who wanted the assassins Long Sky (Donnie Yen), Flying Snow (Maggie Cheung) and Broken Sword (Tony Leung) killed. Nameless recounts how he killed the assassins.

3. 14 Blades (2010)

Commander Qinglong (Donnie Yen) is betrayed and pursued by fellow members of Jinyiwei when he was given a box supposedly containing the proof of the imperial councilor Zhao’s treason.

4. The Forbidden Kingdom (2008)

An American named Jason Tripitikas (Michael Angarano) finds himself in a village in China. Lu Yan (Jackie Chan) told him of the conflict of the Monkey King (Jet Li) and the Jade Warlord (Collin Chou).

5. Dragon (2011)

Papermaker Liu Jinxi (Donnie Yen) becomes involved in an investigation by detective Xu Baijiu (Takeshi Kaneshiro) when he killed two bandits who attempted to rob the village’s general store. Xu suspects that Liu is more than he appears to be after having killed one of the most wanted criminals.

6. The Assassin (2015)

Nie Yinniang (Shu Qi) was given a mission by her master to kill governor Tian Ji’an (Chang Chen) as a test to redeem herself after she failed in her last mission.

7. Reign of Assassins (2010)

Cloth merchant Zeng Jing (Michelle Yeoh) was a former member of the Dark Stone assassins. Formerly called Drizzle, she tries to start a new life when she marries the messenger Jiang Ah-sheng (Jung Woo-sung), but it was a marriage full of secrets.

8. Curse of the Golden Flower (2006)

Emperor Ping (Chow Yun-fat) does not know that his wife the Empress Phoenix (Gong Li) is planning an uprising to punish him for slowly poisoning her with tea. The emperor’s former wife disguises to get close to the royal family but was later discovered.

9. Flying Swords of Dragon Gate (2011)

Zhao Huai’an (Jet Li) defeats the leader of the East Bureau, one of the three groups sent to execute people who refused to pay the bribes.

10. The Promise (2005)

Qingcheng (Cecilia Cheung) becomes the most beautiful woman in the land when she meet the goddess Manshen (Chen Hong). Her beauty came with a curse however. She will never find true love as long as she lives. She mistakenly falls in love with Guangming (Hiroyuki Sanada) whom she thought was Kunlun (Jang Dong-gun), her rescuer.

The Full Car Service Checklist

20 Jun

Preventive car maintenance requires regular, scheduled car servicing in Singapore. But the goal of car servicing is not just car repair or car workshop for modification. It also involves the following:

1. Maintaining the car through systematic inspection, correction of failures, and detection of defects before they become major problems that might cause accidents or become expensive repair jobs

2. Testing the vehicle to make sure that everything is working. This is done by certified auto experts who also specialize in particular areas in the field

3. Basic inspection, replacement and refilling of parts, fluids and other car parts that might be worn out or defective to prevent breakdowns and malfunctioning.

Basic Car Servicing

Basic car servicing in Singapore requires the following:

1. Washing the exterior of the car
2. Checking or replacement of the wires, timing belts and spark plugs
3. Replacement of the air filter
4. Checking or replacement of the tire
5. Oil change to prevent engine failure
6. Cooling system maintenance through checking of the pump, hoses and fluids

Other car servicing in Singapore might include more. A car maintenance done every 6 months is called interim car servicing. This is also done when the car has traveled a total of 6,000 miles to ensure that it’s still in good condition. Others don’t have the time, however, to have their cars checked twice a year. In such instances, car servicing may be in the form of full or major car servicing.

Italian Tuneup

Some car servicing shops specialize in what is called an Italian tuneup. This was initially done on Ferrari cars, which are rarely used by their owners, causing problems with carbon build-up during car fixing and repair here in Singapore. For vintage and expensive cars, this is also a common problem because old models don’t use modern engine lubricants and fuels.
The auto technician would have to do a tuneup drive so that the carbon buildup is burned out when the engine gets hot enough. Some vintage cars also require scheduled maintenance. If you own such a car, an Italian tuneup might be recommended after the traditional car servicing is done.

Full Car Servicing

A full car servicing in Singapore is recommended if the car has not been checked for more than 12 months or if it has run for 12,000 miles or longer. A major car servicing on the other hand is for cars that need to have car maintenance, car repair and car workshop after 24 months of usage or more than 24,000 miles traveled. The following services are rendered in most full car servicing packages.

1. Road testing the car
2. Resetting the car’s service light
3. Lubrication of the bonnet catch
4. Lubrication of the door hinges with white grease
5. Checking of all the external door locks
6. Checking of all the seatbelts, including the lap belts
7. Addition of a cabin filter if needed
8. Checking of the windscreen wipers
9. Checking of the rear wipers
10. Checking of the windscreen washer
11. Alignment of jets and top up if needed
12. Checking of the windscreen for damage, such as cracks
13. Checking of the exterior and interior mirrors
14. Checking of the number plate
15. Checking or the tire size and its fit
16. Checking of the tread depth
17. Checking and adjustment of tire pressures
18. Checking of the spare tires
19. Checking of the wheel balance
20. Setting of the wheel nut torque according to the car manufacturer’s setting
21. Replacement of tires if needed
22. Testing of the brake fluid boil
23. Checking of the brake servo operation
24. Checking of the brake fluid and refilling it if needed
25. Checking of the brake discs and drums to see if they are worn, corroded or pitted
26. Checking of the handbrake linkages
27. Lubrication and adjustment of handbrakes
28. Checking of the brake hoses and pipes, as well as the hydraulic system
29. Checking of the wheel cylinders
30. Checking of service brake shoes
31. Adjustment of service brake shoes
32. Checking of the brake callipers
33. Checking of the brake pads
34. Checking of the exhaust smoke
35. Checking of the exhaust system including the catalyst
36. Grease steering and suspension
37. Testing of the shock absorber
38. Checking of the wheel bearings
39. Checking of the steering rack gaiters
40. Checking of the steering and suspension components
41. Checking of the power steering reservoir
42. Inspection of high tension leads or HT
43. Checking of the dashboard lights
44. Topping up of battery or non-sealed units
45. Checking the battery condition
46. Checking the battery security and lubrication of terminals
47. Checking of the indicator operation of the diesel heater plug
48. Checking of the car horn
49. Checking of the exterior lights
50. Topping up of the gearbox fluid
51. Checking of the axle and transaxle oil
52. Topping up of the axle and transaxle oil
53. Greasing of the prop or shaft
54. Checking of drive shaft gaitors
55. Checking of clutch fluid
56. Topping up of clutch fluid
57. Checking the correct gearbox operation
58. Checking the correct clutch operation
59. Checking of the visual condition of the fuel lines
60. Checking of the fuel cap seal
61. Checking of the condition and security of the underitray
62. Checking the anti-freeze strength and the minimum temperature
63. Topping up of coolant
64. Changing of the spark plugs depending on the mileage
65. Replacement of air filter
66. Checking and adjustment of the auxiliary drive belts
67. Checking of the alternator belt or fan
68. Adjustment of the alternator belt or fan
69. Checking of the electric cooling fan
70. Checking of the coolant hoses
71. Checking of the coolant cap seals
72. Checking of the radiator
73. Checking for the timing belt or cambelt replacement interval
74. Replacement of the cambelt
75. Checking for oil leaks
76. Replacement of oil filter
77. Draining of engine oil
78. Refilling of engine oil

Major Car Servicing

A major car servicing in Singapore is required for cars that have not been checked for more than 24 months or if it has gone for a total of 24,000 miles. Most of the car servicing done in a full car servicing is also performed during a major car servicing. The following are applied as well:
1. Draining out the cooling system
2. Replacement of the coolant system according to the specification
3. Replacement of spark plugs for the petrol engines
4. Testing the starter motor
5. Testing of the alternator charging rate
6. Replacement of the brake fluid and bleed system

Hair Hacks: 5 Ways to Maintain Your Red Hair

13 May

Of all the shades available for colouring hair, red is believed to be most difficult to maintain. Even if you get your hair colour done at the best salons in Singapore, the red dye will still noticeably fade in four weeks. But if you’re still thinking of going redhead like Jane Levy, Amy Adams and Emma Stone – none of which are natural redheads – here are some useful tips that can help keep your hair colour vibrant.

1. Opt for a Sulphate-Free Shampoo

Sulphates are foaming agents added in cleaning products to get rid of grime and dirt. The most common sulphates used in regular shampoos are ammonium lauryl sulphate (ALS) and sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) – all of which can cause your hair dye to fade fast. To keep that from happening, ensure that you only use sulphate-free shampoos and conditioners in washing your hair.

2. Avoid Chlorinated Water and Saltwater

Even if you’re using sulphate-free hair products, getting your tresses drenched in chlorinated water or saltwater is already enough to strip it off its hair colour. Apart from causing your hair dye to fade quickly, being expose to pool and beach water could also cause a chemical reaction – perhaps you heard of people who went swimming a few days after their hair colouring session, and emerged from the water with green hair. So if you’re planning to stick with your redhead look, ensure that you book your hair colouring session on times when you won’t hitting the beach or pool.

3. Steer Clear From Too Much Sunlight

Excessive exposure to sunlight could ruin even the most professionally done hair colour, so say goodbye to sunbathing for the meantime. If you can’t avoid being under direct sunlight, ensure that you apply enough hair sunblock to protected your coloured tresses.

4. Opt for Dry Shampoo

Another trick to maintain the vibrancy of your hair colour is to avoid washing it on a daily basis. In fact, you can on up to four days without shampooing your tresses. During those days, opt to use a dry shampoo to rid your scalp of grease and dirt without causing your hair colour to quickly fade.

5. Get Some Colour-Enhancing Treatments

There’s just so much that avoiding water and skipping shampoo can do, so make sure that you undergo colour-enhancing treatments every once in a while. You could even choose to do it on your own or have it professionally done at a salon. Just keep in mind though that these treatments will only temporarily enhance your hair colour in the in-between stage – the point where it’s too soon to schedule a touch-up appointment, but the fade in the root area is starting to get obvious.

Maintaining your redhead isn’t as difficult as you think if you just know how to properly care for it. So be sure to keep these haircare tips in mind so you could keep your red tresses vibrant for as long as you can.

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